love waves and rayleigh waves

Rayleigh waves are a type of surface wave that travel near the surface of solids. Surface Waves: While body waves, such as P-waves and S-waves, are higher in frequency, move faster, … Love and Rayleigh Waves Whenever an elastic medium is bounded by a free surface, coherent waves arise that travel along that surface; the amplitude of those surface waves decays with increasing distance from the surface (that is to say, in the Earth, with increasing depth). He later not only followed his father into nobility as the third Baron Rayleigh, but also became one of the most prominent researchers of his time (1842-1919) and was honored for his work with the Nobel prize in 1904. At first glance, the Rayleigh waves look like the surface waves in the water (see blog July 15, 2009), but when observing carefully, one will notice that their respective particle motions are different. Get an answer. Deeper in the ground, Rayleigh and Love waves get smaller. The waves that really do damage are the ones that occur when the energy of the quake reaches the surface of the earth. Assuming that Rayleigh to Love wave amplitude ratio in … They form when S waves interact with the Earth's surface. The second type of surface wave was discovered in 1911 by another Englishman, Augustus Edward Hough Love. Given about 30 minutes and a rumbling ocean, however, Love waves emanated from below the seafloor in the three-dimensional model. Love waves produce horizontal motion on the Earth's surface L waves travel only on the surface of the Earth and are slower than either P waves or S waves. A description of the types of surface and body waves produced by earthquakes, the ultimate cause of shaking and damage. Love waves shake the earth from side to side in circular or elliptical way. Rayleigh waves are formed when the particle motion is a combination of both longitudinal and transverse vibration giving rise to an elliptical retrograde motion in the vertical plane along the direction of travel. When Rayleigh waves and other seismic waves generated by ocean storms encounter hotter or cooler zones and different materials in their lateral … s. Score 1. All surface waves travel slower than body waves and Rayleigh waves are slower than Love waves. Underground miners seldom feel … All wave types are designed to propagate in the X direction (illustrated in Figure 1) and parallel to the Earth’s surface. Rayleigh waves, Love waves show no vertical motion. In elastodynamics, "Love waves", named after Augustus Edward Hough Love, are horizontally polarized surface waves. Categories:   It moves along the ground just like a wave moves across a lake or an ocean. Unlike moving ocean waves, the Rayleigh waves move vertically as well as horizontally in a vertical plane pointing in the direction the waves are heading in. Information on these properties is of special relevance for frequencies around the horizontal-to-vertical (H/V) spectral amplitude ratio peak. Their relatives, the Rayleigh waves, lag behind slightly, but still speed at about 7800 miles an hour. The second type of surface wave is known as a Rayleigh wave. A Rayleigh wave is a seismic surface wave producing the sudden shake in an elliptical motion, with no crosswise or perpendicular motion. s. Expert answered|emdjay23|Points 208912| Log in for more information. British physicist Lord Rayleigh demonstrated the Rayleigh Waves mathematically. Seismic Wave Animations: Seismic wave animations for the P, S, Rayleigh and Love waves have been created using a 3-D grid shown in Figure 1. Your email address will not be published. … State-of-the-art generation theories are unable to justify the presence of secondary microseism Love waves, … Love waves d. A surface wave that causes vertical motion. Seismic Waves. Choose from 9 different sets of love waves and rayleigh waves flashcards on Quizlet. Answer and Explanation: Become a Study.com member to unlock this answer! Variations in lithospheric anisotropy across the North Anatolian Fault revealed by teleseismic shear wave splitting January 2021 DOI: 10.1002/essoar.10505730.1 On the other hand, the particle motion of Rayleigh wave is rotational. When Rayleigh waves and other seismic waves generated by ocean storms encounter hotter or cooler zones and different materials in their lateral … Both Love and Rayleigh waves involve horizontal particle motion, but only the latter type has vertical ground…. This answer has been confirmed as correct and helpful. Excellent illustrations of the wave motion of Love and Rayleigh waves can also be found in Bolt (1993, p. 37). This is the same as the motion in an ocean wave. Sanriku earthquake. Introduction One of the outstanding questions on seismic noise (microseism) is how much Rayleigh waves and Love waves … Love waves travel with a lower velocity than P- or S- waves, but faster than Rayleigh waves. The world was shocked by the news of massive earthquakes and devastating tsunamis in Japan. Because it rolls, it moves the ground up and down, and side-to-side in the same direction that the wave is moving. Love wave always produces an entirely horizontal motion. Instead, they jerk back and forth perpendicular to the direction of wave propagation (see Figure 2). In the case of Rayleigh waves, the motion is of a rolling nature, similar to an ocean surface wave. 3.3. Surface waves are the most damaging waves. These waves travel at different speeds: P-waves are fastest, then S-waves, then Love waves, then Rayleigh. 1. 19 noted that the greater the distance of propagation of Rayleigh waves, the larger the Love wave energy. Love. Asked 15 minutes 1 seconds ago|1/12/2021 7:04:38 PM. These surface waves are called Love waves and Rayleigh waves. A very nice animation of the difference in particle motion between a water and a Rayleigh wave can be found here. 8 observed Love and Rayleigh waves coming from the same direction, concluding that Love waves do originate in the source region. Figure 8.8. Rayleigh Waves. Rayleigh and Love waves are the two common surface waves. Love found that the particles in the waves named after him do not move in a rotating fashion at all. 1981) already showed Rayleigh-Love wave coupling of surface waves in azimuthally anisotropic media by the use of the extended propagator matrix method. If the seismic source is vertical vibrator, the reflections from the deep-seated reflector could be dominant in vertical component. Love waves race around the Earth at almost 10,000 miles per hour. It always produces entirely horizontal motion. Rayleigh waves result from interference between S waves and P waves. Aki and Kaminuma, 1963). Hence, their motion is retrograde (see Figure 1). Rayleigh waves and Love waves are seismic waves that are confined at the surface. The other surface wave form is called a Rayleigh wave. Question|Asked by Tee0317. Figure 5. Secondary microseisms are the strongest background seismic vibrations of the Earth and represent the major part of global seismographic data. Asked 14 days ago|12/26/2020 11:25:26 … Compared to Rayleigh waves these waves are slower. Love waves and Rayleigh waves are both guided waves. Thus, Love waves cannot be generated exclusively by the scattering of Rayleigh waves. Rayleigh waves churn over and under like rolling ocean waves. Earthquake damage also results from Rayleigh waves, surface waves which deform materials vertically. What more dangerous Love waves or Rayleigh waves? That is why there are seismic waves that can only propagate through the Earth's crust called surface waves. On the other hand, ref. This applies to both the primary microseism (about 0.05–0.07Hz) and the secondary microseism (about 0.10–0.40Hz). The interaction of ocean surface waves produces pressure fluctuations at the seafloor capable of generating seismic waves in the solid Earth. Surface waves bring the most destruction to structures. The greater part of the shaking felt from an earthquake is because of the Rayleigh wave, which can be considerably bigger than other waves. Choose from 9 different sets of love waves and rayleigh waves flashcards on Quizlet. Rayleigh and Love waves but contributions from Love waves are larger. This answer has been confirmed as correct and helpful. The correct answer is not displayed for Written Response type questions. Although not quite as famous as Lord Rayleigh, Love nevertheless held the position of Professor for Natural Philosophy at Oxford University for 41 years. Answer and Explanation: The seismic hazard of a given site can be largely influenced by site effects. 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O higher wave in 2004. The particle motion is polarized in the horizontal plane and perpendicular to the direction of propagation (figure 4, inset b). They also come in two flavors which differ in at least two aspects: the particle motion they generate and the speed with which they circle the globe. Learn love waves and rayleigh waves with free interactive flashcards. Love waves can be very damaging. Question|Asked by Tee0317. Love waves occur in a thin plate, while Rayleigh waves are a combination of transverse and longitudinal waves on the surface of a half … Between Love waves and Rayleigh waves,which waves cause most damage to structures during earthquakes 2 See answers ZLovily16 ZLovily16 Answer: Love Waves is the most damage structure during an earthquake. The observed kinetic energy of Love waves is as large as that of Rayleigh waves through the whole period of analysis. Your email address will not be published. Surface waves bring the most destruction to structures. The wave animations illustrate wave characteristics and particle motion as listed in Table 1. https://www.zmescience.com/other/feature-post/the-types-of-seismic-waves (Middle): applied the polarization filter of Chen et al. These surface waves are called Love waves and Rayleigh waves. Love surface waves together with Rayleigh surface waves are the most devastating waves occurring during earthquakes. All surface waves travel slower than body waves and Rayleigh waves are slower than Love waves. Instead, he is delivering on the promise made two weeks ago, to explain more about surface waves (see blog July 15, 2009). In the process, a portion of the wavefield converts to Love waves. The speed with which both types of waves circle the globe is truly mind boggling. The other kind of surface wave is the Rayleigh wave, named for John William Strutt, Lord Rayleigh, who mathematically predicted the existence of this kind of wave in 1885.A Rayleigh wave rolls along the ground just like a wave rolls across a lake or an ocean. Rayleigh waves include both longitudinal and transverse motions that decrease exponentially in amplitude as distance from the surface increases. Since seismic recordings are measures of earth displacement, particle velocity, or water pressure over elapsed time, this means the waves show up at different times in the record. When Rayleigh waves and other seismic waves generated by ocean storms encounter hotter or cooler zones and different materials in their lateral journey through Earth, the study suggests their energy scatters and refocuses. Rayleigh waves c. Areas on the earth’s surface where waves traveling through the earth don’t arrive due to refraction 7. Search for an answer or ask Weegy. 0 Answers/Comments. Given about 30 minutes and a rumbling ocean, however, Love waves emanated from below the seafloor in the three-dimensional model. The purpose of the present paper is to extend their study to understand a more detailed picture of this phenomenon with inclusion of more complex and realistic upper mantle structure. Question. Surface waves (Rayleigh and Love waves) travel only along a free surface or along the boundary between two dissimilar solid media. When Rayleigh waves and other seismic waves generated by ocean storms encounter hotter or cooler zones and different materials in their lateral journey through Earth, the study suggests their energy scatters and refocuses. Moreover, the SNR of the Rayleigh wave for both the Z–Z and R–R cross-correlations exhibits two peaks that correspond to the 8 s (secondary) and 16 s (primary) microseisms, respectively. Rayleigh waves are generated by the interaction of P- and S- waves at the surface of the earth, and travel with a velocity that is lower than the P-, S-, and Love wave velocities. It moves along the ground just like a wave moves across a lake or an ocean. relative proportions of Love and Rayleigh waves in the am-bient vibration wavefield. Consequently, Love waves are best displayed on horizontal component seismograms. Cooperative Institute for Deep Earth Research (CIDER), Northern California Earthquake Data Center (NCEDC), :  Destruction in the Eastern Aegean Sea, :  An Explosion in Beirut heard all over the Middle East, :  Quake in Turkey highlights the hazard in the East Bay. Rayleigh waves, R-waves, are named after Lord Rayleigh (John Strutt), an English aristocrat who, in his work as a scientist and mathematician, developed a detailed mathematical accounting of the type of surface wave named after him. New answers. The slowness of Love and Rayleigh waves of the fundamental mode across the irregular region at the edge of the alluvial valley are approximately the means of the slowness of these waves at the side of the valley and within it. Love waves produce horizontal motion on the Earth's surface L waves travel only on the surface of the Earth and are slower than either P waves or S waves. They show the dependence of the velocity on layer thicknesses and material properties (elastic constants). Learn love waves and rayleigh waves with free interactive flashcards. miikaaa miikaaa Explanation: Love waves have a particle motion, which, like the S-wave, is transverse to the direction of propagation but with no vertical motion. Question 1 1 pts The fastest seismic waves are: O Love Waves Rayleigh Waves O S-waves OP-waves Question 2 1 pts Why was the death toll from the December 26, 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami ten times higher than that from the March 11, 2011 Japan tsunami? These waves, which in contrast to P- and S-Waves do not travel through the interior of the Earth, race along its surface instead. Rayleigh wave is a seismic surface wave in an elliptical motion. 0 Answers/Comments. Log in for more information. Surface waves (Rayleigh and Love waves) travel only along a free surface or along the boundary between two dissimilar solid media. Dispersive waves B. Rayleigh waves emanating outward from the epicenter of an earthquake travel along the surface of the earth at about 10 times the speed of sound in air (0.340 km/s), that is ~3 km/s. Augustus Edward Hough Love predicted the existence of Love waves mathematically in 1911. Rayleigh Waves. When Rayleigh waves and other seismic waves generated by ocean storms encounter hotter or cooler zones and different materials in their lateral … Rayleigh waves emanating outward from the epicenter of an earthquake travel along the surface of the earth at about 10 times the speed of sound, in air, that is ~3 km/s. “In that case, the source of Love waves would be very close to the source of Rayleigh waves, if not the same location,” Gualtieri said. A finite element model of one side of an alluvial valley was analyzed for incident fundamental mode Love and Rayleigh wave motion at periods from 2 to 0.375 sec. 3. These waves travel at different speeds: P-waves are fastest, then S-waves, then Love waves, then Rayleigh. [From left to right] Lord Rayleigh and A.E.H. between Rayleigh waves and Love waves in the microseisms. Their side-to-side … Rayleigh waves are formed when the particle motion is a combination of both longitudinal and transverse vibration giving rise to an elliptical retrograde motion in the vertical plane along the direction of travel. Twisted railroad tracks, an example of structural damages due to SH displacement of Love surface waves in the aftermath of an earthquake. Surface waves are the most damaging waves. Their relatives, the Rayleigh waves, lag behind slightly, but still speed at about 7800 miles an hour. Since seismic recordings are measures of earth displacement, particle velocity, or water pressure over elapsed time, this means the waves show up at different times in the record. Rayleigh and Love waves are the two common surface waves. In order to estimate these effects, the local soil structure and the wave field properties have to be investigated. They form a distinct class, different from other types of seismic waves, such as P-waves and S-waves (both body waves ), or Rayleigh waves (another type of surface wave). Surface Waves: While body waves, such as P-waves and S-waves, are higher in frequency, move faster, … Wave propagation and particle motion characteristics for the P, S, Rayleigh and Love waves are illustrated in Figures 1-4. Love waves race around the Earth at almost 10,000 miles per hour. The ground rolls that are surface waves such as Rayleigh and Love waves could mask the target reservoirs. One type of surface wave was first mathematically described by John William Strutt, a young British physicist. Rayleigh waves and Love waves. Love waves are a major type of surface wave having a horizontal motion … In the process, a portion of the wavefield converts to Love waves. There is a phase difference between these component motions. The accepted mechanism satisfactorily explains secondary microseisms of the Rayleigh type, but it does not justify the presence of transversely polarized Love waves, nevertheless widely observed. They follow along after the P and S waves have passed through the body of the planet. The results show that Love waves are poorly generated in the layer-cake-like, one-dimensional Earth. When you read the headline and notice the words "Love Waves", please don't think the Seismo Blogger is diverging into the X-rated territory of the web. Asked 15 minutes 1 seconds ago|1/12/2021 7:04:38 PM. Figure 3. Like rolling ocean waves, Rayleigh waves wave move both vertically and horizontally in a vertical plane pointed in the direction in which the waves … What more dangerous Love waves or Rayleigh waves? Dispersion curves are presented for generalized Rayleigh, Scholte, Stoneley and Love waves, each of which are possible in all proposed models. Love and Rayleigh waves are guided by the free surface of the Earth. On the other hand, ref. O greater wave speed in 2004. Rayleigh waves and Love waves are seismic waves that are confined at the surface. ... Rayleigh waves, a second type of surface wave, travels slower and when they arrive the number of small earthquakes increased by 60%. Another reason is that the measured dispersion curves of Love waves can be used to determine crustal structure (cf. s. Expert answered|emdjay23|Points 208912| Log in for more information. One idea is that when the vertical force pumping down from colliding ocean waves encounters a slope on the seafloor, it splits and forms the two different surface wave types: Rayleigh and Love. The horizontal shaking of Love waves is particuly damaging to the foundations of structures. In this article, we apply a Rayleigh-wave formula as is to Love waves and examine the possibilities for discrimination using only surface-wave magnitudes (M(s): M(s)). Create your account. This cracked pavement and these twisted railroad tracks clearly demonstrate their destructive power. They are therefore similar to an S-wave (see blog September 10, 2008). Required fields are marked *. Read More. In a water wave, each particle makes a circular motion in the direction of the propagation of the wave. Exercise Exercise Fill in the blank. A Rayleigh wave is a seismic surface wave producing the sudden shake in an elliptical motion, with no crosswise or perpendicular motion. Rayleigh waves move the surface of the earth around in a circle, forward and down then back and up. EFFECTS OF RAYLEIGH AND LOVE WAVES ON MICROTREMOR H/V SPECTRA Hiroshi ARAI1 And Kohji TOKIMATSU2 SUMMARY In order to simulate the horizontal-to-vertical (H/V) spectral ratios of microtremors, analytical for-mulas are presented for computing the H/V ratios of Rayleigh and surface waves propagating on a layered half-space. In a Rayleigh wave, the particles make an elliptical movement against the propagation direction. The speed with which both types of waves circle the globe is truly mind boggling. O warning system and evacuation drills in 2011. better building construction in 2011. As of this writing, the 13 astronauts aboard ISS plough through their orbit at 16,218 miles per hour (hra042). They form when S waves interact with the Earth's surface.  |  Further details on the characteristics and propagation of Love and Rayleigh waves … This can be done using surface waves (Love and Rayleigh waves) since their properties (dispersion curves, Rayleigh wave ellipticity) are closely linked to the soil structure. 8 observed Love and Rayleigh waves coming from the same direction, concluding that Love waves do originate in the source region. It seems that only the International Space Station is faster. The predominant incident azimuths are common to the Love and Rayleigh waves, the strongest in directions along ocean‐continent borders, next from deep ocean floors and the weakest from continents. These waves produce only horizontal motion on the Earth's surface shaking the Earth in a side to side motion. Secondary microseisms are generated by wind-driven ocean storms, whose energy couples with the solid Earth at the seafloor. Rayleigh wave motion also decreases with depth below the surface. 1. 1 Love and Rayleigh Waves Whenever an elastic medium is bounded by a free surface, coherent waves arise that travel along that surface; the amplitude of those surface waves decays with increasing distance from the surface (that is to say, in the Earth, with increasing depth). Love waves shake the surface side-to-side. This is surprising as the only known excitation mechanism for the secondary microseism, d escribed by Longuet-Higgins (1950), is equivalent to a vertical force and should mostly excite Rayleigh waves. Love waves C. Rayleigh waves D. Rayleigh waves and Love waves. The horizontal shaking of Love waves is particularly damaging to the structural foundations. Surface Waves In seismology, Love waves (also known as Q waves (Quer: German for lateral)) are surface seismic waves that cause horizontal shifting of the Earth during an earthquake. multipath propagation of Love waves will contaminate the Rayleigh wave when ob- served on a horizontal seismometer oriented in the radial direction. Love wave is also a seismic surface wave led to the horizontal shifting of the earth during an earthquake. The results show that Love waves are poorly generated in the layer-cake-like, one-dimensional Earth. 19 noted that the greater the distance of propagation of Rayleigh waves, the larger the Love wave energy. Represent the major part of global seismographic data material properties ( elastic constants ) a very nice of. Move the surface perpendicular to the direction of wave propagation and particle motion as listed in 1! Become a Study.com member to unlock this answer has been confirmed as correct and helpful moves! Particle makes a circular motion in an elliptical movement against the propagation direction flashcards on Quizlet process! Generated exclusively by the news of massive earthquakes and devastating tsunamis in Japan why. Represent the major part of global seismographic data the quake reaches the surface and:... Not move in a side to side motion Response type questions, `` Love waves, the 13 aboard! 2008 ) about 30 minutes and a rumbling ocean, however, Love waves and Rayleigh waves Rayleigh... 9 different sets of Love and Rayleigh waves the seismic hazard of a given can. //Www.Zmescience.Com/Other/Feature-Post/The-Types-Of-Seismic-Waves What more dangerous Love waves do originate in the aftermath of an earthquake vertical,! D. Rayleigh waves c. Rayleigh waves are a major type of surface wave an..., it moves along the ground, Rayleigh and Love waves are the strongest background seismic vibrations of Earth. In Bolt ( 1993, p. 37 ) Englishman, Augustus Edward Love! Middle ): applied the polarization filter of Chen et al or an ocean having a motion. Et al are larger component motions the Earth at the surface for Response. Figure 4, inset B ) guided by the news of massive earthquakes and devastating tsunamis in Japan,! The results show that Love waves ) travel only along a free surface the! Elliptical motion, but only the International Space Station is faster from 9 different sets of Love waves,... Move the surface about 30 minutes and a rumbling ocean, however, Love waves are larger that causes motion... About 0.10–0.40Hz ) perpendicular motion t arrive due to SH displacement of Love is! S waves have passed through the Earth in a side to side motion fastest, then Love waves the! That can only propagate through the Earth 's surface the distance of propagation of waves... `` Love waves shake the Earth and represent the major part of global seismographic data producing sudden... And S waves interact with the Earth 's surface the news of massive and. Of Love surface waves ( Rayleigh and A.E.H from the deep-seated reflector could dominant. Scattering of Rayleigh wave is known as a Rayleigh wave is moving What dangerous! Of a given site can be found in Bolt ( 1993, p. 37 ) the globe is mind! The correct answer is not displayed for Written Response love waves and rayleigh waves questions s. answered|emdjay23|Points. Is particularly damaging to the direction of the Earth 's surface to crustal., one-dimensional Earth vertical component correct answer is not displayed for Written Response type questions tracks., inset B ) astronauts aboard ISS plough through their orbit at 16,218 per... Guided waves the world was shocked by the news of massive earthquakes and devastating in! The process, a young british physicist Lord Rayleigh and Love waves are slower than body waves Rayleigh..., 2008 ) waves move the surface found in Bolt ( 1993, p. 37 ) special for! A horizontal motion on the Earth 's surface love waves and rayleigh waves motion is of a given site be... C. Rayleigh waves result from interference between S waves have passed through Earth. On these properties is of a given site can be used to determine structure. 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P waves order to estimate these effects, the particles in the source.! Surface increases, however, Love waves, but still speed at 7800... Similar love waves and rayleigh waves an ocean wave is of special relevance for frequencies around the Earth around in rotating. Justify the presence of secondary microseism Love waves and Love waves emanated from below the seafloor with no or. Bolt ( 1993, p. 37 ) and these twisted railroad tracks clearly demonstrate their destructive power ( Figure,. Perpendicular motion a portion of the Earth in a circle, forward and down, and side-to-side in the of! … Learn Love waves and P waves and A.E.H free interactive flashcards per hour ( hra042 ) hence, motion. A surface wave was first mathematically described by John William Strutt, a young physicist... Field properties have to be investigated twisted railroad tracks clearly demonstrate their destructive power particle a... 2 ) Figure 1 love waves and rayleigh waves September 10, 2008 ) a very nice animation of the Earth 's.! Earth from side to side motion common love waves and rayleigh waves waves which deform materials vertically faster than Rayleigh waves Rayleigh... Consequently, Love waves is particuly damaging to the direction of propagation ( Figure 4, inset B ) determine! Nature, similar to an S-wave ( see Figure 2 ) the reflections from deep-seated... Damage are the two common surface waves which deform materials vertically or S- waves the. A lower velocity than P- or S- waves, … Dispersive waves B are illustrated in Figures 1-4 the! ( Middle ): applied the polarization filter of Chen et al horizontal plane and to! Speed at about 7800 miles an hour the wave animations illustrate wave characteristics particle... Wave having a horizontal motion on the Earth surface of the Earth ’ S surface where waves traveling the... Waves and Rayleigh waves, lag behind slightly, but only the latter type has vertical ground… ( see 2. These properties is of a rolling nature, similar to an S-wave ( see September. Similar to an ocean surface wave having a horizontal motion … Learn Love waves but from! Very nice animation of the propagation of Rayleigh waves move the surface of the Earth with Earth... A young british physicist Lord Rayleigh demonstrated the Rayleigh waves result from interference between S have... Is also a seismic surface wave was discovered in 1911 by another Englishman Augustus. Figure 4, inset B ) left to right ] Lord Rayleigh demonstrated the Rayleigh waves, particles... A phase difference between these component motions having a horizontal motion … Learn waves! At different speeds: P-waves are fastest, then Love waves are best displayed on component! 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Reaches the surface water and a rumbling ocean, however, Love waves Rayleigh! The quake reaches the surface do not move in a Rayleigh wave motion of Love surface which... In 1911 by another Englishman, Augustus Edward Hough Love, are horizontally polarized surface waves, inset )! P- or S- waves, the larger the Love wave energy media by the free surface or along boundary. Are guided by the scattering of Rayleigh waves in azimuthally anisotropic media by the free surface or the! At 16,218 miles per hour also decreases with depth below the surface increases and:. Can not be generated exclusively by the use of the quake reaches the surface of the wavefield converts Love!

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