The ancestral spirits have a link with the gods & dieties. Ancestor worship is based on the belief that our ancestors become spirits when they die. Ancestor cults and ancestor worship loom large in the anthropological image of sub-Saharan Africa. The Gods, Goddesses, Spirits and legendary characters of African mythology. We also detected inconsistencies in how different elements are treated in different conceptual models, particularly behavioral elements such as attitudes, motivations, intentions, and external influences. The above concept share light to the way some Africans communicate in life, In his argument on ancestor-worship he stated that 'there are ancestors who have become anthropomorphic gods, who coexist with the deification of natural phenomena and who His duty is to watch, protect and bless the remaining family members. african concepts of: divinities spirits ancestors magic & medcine Divinities Nature: = Second most important Element in African Belief Structure =Essentially regarded as intermediaries Between SB and Humans =Venerated (Not Worshiped) as central figures in African Religious Belief Through devotions in rituals during ceremonies and Festivals 2 African understanding of the hierarchy of beings. God (Supreme Being): There is a widespread belief in God who is believed to be supreme and above all; God is essentially a spirit and is recognized as such in all the African tribes. In an effort to partially fill this gap, a versatile model with 3D Modeling capabilities was developed to assist in designing sustainable bridges at the conceptual design stage. Ekpatt, A. O. Our ancestors communicated with God through Prophets because they are God's mouth pieces on earth. The spirit beings are usually divided into two categories: (1) the spirits of the dead elders (the ancestors) and (2) the non-human spirit beings. relationship between the related keywords in terms of semantics to produce the accurate results which have paved the way for semantic search. In Essien, E. D. Gods are often known by several names. Samson Mudzudza. There may be spirits and ancestors floating around, but there’s only one God. Many cultures, including many in South Africa, define an ancestor as a family member that is living in the world of the dead. Biblically an ancestor is a family member that has passed on. African spirituality is about liberation according to Adofo. Only those who lived a full measure of life, cultivated moral values, and achieved social distinction attain this status. This paper aims at elucidating various representation of text that is responsible for retrieving relevant search results, approaches along with the evaluation that are carried out in conceptual information retrieval, the challenges faced by the existing research to expatiate requirements of future research. (2021). The calling to be a Sangoma or shaman is believed to come from various ancestor spirits and your direct ancestor spirits. Who Are the Orishas? It is a cry of hope by our deceased ancestors as after death they are in the form of a subtle body or spirits and cannot do spiritual practice. Africans were seen as worshipping strange god(s). When people die, the energy is released into the ethos. I give praise to the universe I give praise to mother earth I give praise to all of nature and its beings I give praise to all my guiding spirits I give praise to my ancestors I give praise to all that came before me in this struggle I give praise to my elders I give praise to all those who have cared for me, protected me, guided me and loved me I give praise to…. Basics. Traditional African belief is overwhelmingly monotheistic. When more than one keywords are used for defining the single concept in the documents and in the queries, inaccurate and incomplete results were produced by keyword based retrieval systems. OLUPONA: The role of ancestors in the African cosmology has always been significant. 8.2. Traditional Africans have a three tier view of the world, similar to that of the ancient Hebrews, consisting of the sky, the earth, which includes land and water, and the area under the earth, which is the abode of the ancestors (Kalu 2000:56). Tozer (1994:11) famously suggests that “What comes into our minds when we think about God is the most important thing about us”. Our Ancestral spirits. (a) What was the role of ancestors in Traditional African Communities? There is no heaven or hell.”- Dalian Adofo. Africans believed in existence of a supreme being who lived in mountains, clouds and the sky. (add any others you wish to give praise to) The belief remains that there is an interaction between the invisible and visible worlds (2007;377). We have tried to collect as many Holy Aliases as possible. Most ancestral spirits are generally good and kind. I want to write very briefly here about the various kinds of spirits that can be part of a shamanic calling and become your guides or possess you as you do the work of the ancestors. In the hierarchically ordered world of African Traditional Religion, God is the ancestor, par excellence. Animism builds the core concept of traditional African religions, this includes the worship of tutelary deities, nature worship, ancestor worship and the belief in an afterlife. Mbiti (1969:178) disputes the use of the term worship, yet he accepts that in the worship of God, in some cases, sacrifices and offerings are directed to one or more of the following: God, spirits and the living dead (ancestors). Soko. If there were calamities such as drought, disease, famine, and death, itwas an indication that God, spirits and ancestors were displeased with humankind. Conceptual models are of relevance as they can bridge theory with practical applications. This paper seeks to examine how Africans conceive of the Supreme Being, divinities and spirits. The African continent includes so many countries, regions, languages, tribes, cultures and crossovers that the sheer diversity of prevailing Gods would seem overwhelming if there weren’t a few handy shortcuts. "Concepts of God, Divinities, Ancestors, and Spirits in African Traditional Religious Thought: Conceptual Analysis." The author is aware that Jesus is our mediator, who connects us-directly to God. - I break all curses on my finances from any ancestors that cheated or mishandled money in the name of Jesus. (b) Give the occasions when sacrifices were offered in Traditional African communities. Ancestor worship is the almost universal religion of Africa. Ancestors: The ancestors, according to Quarcome (1987) are the heroes and heroines of the various tribes who are believed to have acquired extra-human powers in the afterlife which enables to intervene in the lives of the living members of the society. There may be spirits and ancestors floating around, but there’s only one God. This is the spirit of anti-christ, which you have heard is coming and even is With at least 70 years of research in the adoption of agricultural innovations, there has been a proliferation of adoption models, both conceptual and numerical. 1 African concept of God, spirits and ancestors. God is everywhere and is all knowing. It’s purpose is to connect with the ancestors’ energy for guidance. A.W. This diversity has resulted in a lack of convergence in the way adoption is. Other articles where Ancestor worship is discussed: African religions: Ritual and religious specialists: Ancestors also serve as mediators by providing access to spiritual guidance and power. 4 Responsibility of the living towards God, spirits and ancestors. Concepts of God, Divinities, Ancestors, and Spirits in African Traditional Religious Thought: Conceptual Analysis. Our review covered a range of modeling approaches for diffusion and individual adoption, illustrating different perspectives used in the literature. The S… The concept of God, divinities and spirits in African traditional religious ontology has been so misunderstood by many scholars to the point of seeing Africans as people who did not know the Supreme Being nor worship Him. He is believed to be both distant from men and near to him. Atheistic tendencies in Africa are minimal. Njambi. The body disappears, but the energy doesn’t go anywhere. Divinities: In the hierarchy of power, the divinities stand next to the supreme God. Nothing was wrong with our ancestral original forms of deities, but it was a reminder to Eurocentric that they were not the originators of the concept of god. They originate from Mozambique, Malawi and Swaziland. The BrSRS and BrEPSM modules were developed by the amalgamation of identified pertinent sustainable and footprint indicators. He adds that the word ancestor denotes a human being, and Africans worship God alone. I offer prayer and protection by way of the Divine Creator for those ancestral souls and spirits that are in darkness, forgotten, or lost. The African concept of God, Spirits and Ancestors. An examination of the characteristics of Nana Nyame reveals a traditional African worldview that has respect for the plurality, mystery, and the relational nature of God, ultimate reality, and existence itself. The model incorporates a rule-based expert system and four modules, Basically keywords are used to index and retrieve the documents for the user query in a conventional information retrieval systems. Join ResearchGate to find the people and research you need to help your work. They reward good deeds and punish bad deeds. with, and even scold. They profess habits of truth, justice, honesty, good character, and diligence. Attachment to these spirits is still extremely strong and much of the Shona behavior and ethical conduct can be explained by this belief. Gods are often known by several names. Igala mythology. African Concept of God, Spirits and Ancestors. Their healers mainly use ukufemba as their medium of healing. This study adopts the descriptive and analytical research methods to investigate African traditional religious lifestyle, beliefs, and practices. And so is the same for the spirit of our ancestors. Tore. The believed to be Go’s lieutenants who are given ministerial functions by God. The spirit world is believed to be a radically different world, it is also a carbon copy of the countries where [the ancestors] lived in this life ( For the full alphabetical list of alternative names, check out Godchecker's list of African deity names. In, AniediAbasi Okon Ekpatt (University of Uyo, Nigeria), Advances in Religious and Cultural Studies, InfoSci-Education Knowledge Solutions – Books, InfoSci-Social Sciences Knowledge Solutions – Books, Phenomenological Approaches to Religion and Spirituality. 2 Dear friends, do not believe every spirit, but test the spirits to see whether they are from God, becaus e many false prophets have gone out into the world. Only people who have had children will become spirits of the dead In many African myths the High God is separated from humanity and used to live with human in an earthly paradise This is how you can recognize the Spirit of God: Every spirit that does not acknowledg e Jesus is not from God. The Shona individual owes all the goodness and decency that go to make up his Unhu to the vadzimu. - I renounce all false beliefs and philosophies inherited by my ancestors in the name of Jesus. The concept of god, divinities, ancestors, and spirits in African traditional religious ontology has been misunderstood by many scholars to the point of seeing Africans as people who did not know the supreme being nor worship him. The Spirit of Ancestors in African Traditional Religion How the spirits of ancestors can be a blessing or harmful and The Power and importance of ancestors in African traditional society Ancestors in African Traditional religion are very important in that they were once alive and now they are in the spirit and they do not die again. Selected Aspects In African Religious Heritage: African Concept Of God Selected Old Testament Prophets And Their Teachings Similarities Between The Traditional African Myths And The Biblical Accounts Of Creation SIN SINAI COVENANT: MOSES Spirits Spirits And Ancestors Steps In The Formation/ Sealing Of The Covenant The ancestors are without question the most prominent aspect of African religion, in fact, they are the heart of the African spirit world. All life, power, and existence flow from God, and by “right of their primogeniture and proximity to God by death God has granted the ancestors a qualitatively more powerful life force over their descendants.” 8.2. He is invisible and infinite and cannot be comprehended by the finite man. Integrated 3D Modeling adaptation on infrastructure has been slow due to technical challenges, such as the lack of interoperability between software. 8.2. We did have a relationship with God through African Prophets before the coming of missionaries. Answer: Ancestor worship involves religious beliefs and practices consisting of prayers and offerings to the spirits of dead relatives. Selected Aspects In African Religious Heritage: African Concept of God, Spirits And Ancestors; African Moral and Cultural Values; CRE Form 1 Notes Study Questions with answers for all topics; WhatsApp us +254 700 755976 to request for hard copy. Various research work has been carried out on concept based information retrieval to tackle the difficulties that are caused by the conventional keyword search and the semantic search systems. Though the spirit world is a radically different world, it is also a "carbon copy of the countries where [the ancestors] lived in this life" (John S. Mbiti, Concepts of God in Africa [SPCK, 1970], p. 259). Traditional African belief is overwhelmingly monotheistic. God is not their equal – hence ancestors becomes abridge between the lower and higher being. Concepts of God, Divinities, Ancestors, and Spirits in African Traditional Religious Thought: Conceptual Analysis January 2021 DOI: 10.4018/978-1-7998-4595-9.ch002 The ancestors are close to the humans and serve as their custodians. Today, there is a wide range of conceptual models that are developed and used in research and/or practice focusing on educational technology integration. Against this backdrop, the researcher undertook this study to show that the concept of god is not strange to Africans and that in traditional Africa there is no atheist. The most significant similarity between the African God and the Biblical God is the fundamental belief in a deity. ResearchGate has not been able to resolve any references for this publication. Let the light I offer be a “beacon of hope” and serve as an escape and protective shield from the shadows of despair. 3 The role of God, spirits and ancestors. Followers of traditional African religion believe that ancestors maintain a spiritual connection with their living relatives. Authoring or editing more than half a dozen books on religion and African culture (including the recent “African Religions: A Very Short Introduction,” Oxford University Press), Olupona has researched topics ranging from the indigenous religions of Africa to the religious practices of Africans who have settled in America. To read the full-text of this research, you can request a copy directly from the author. (Eds. This power originates from God but is possessed hierarchically by divinities, spirits, and the living dead, and it is available to some people, in various degrees. In conclusion, the Ndebele concept of uMlimo is as common as any other African conception of God. In African indigenous religions, the principal deities, spirits, gods, ancestors, and personal and impersonal forces are regarded as active agents in the created world, with theistic and nontheistic notions of supernatural forces embedded in the various cosmologies. Ancestor worship is found in many cultures all across the world. Although African religions have not embarked on a systematic theology, the myths, rituals, and stories of the gods and ancestors point to a profound statement on moral justice. Only those who lived a full measure of life, cultivated moral values, and achieved social distinction attain this status. I offer guidance to my ancestors and spirits by way of the Guardian Angels and Protective Spirits who by the power and order of God will assist them in their greater act of evolution. ResearchGate has not been able to resolve any citations for this publication. Ancestor worship and belief is an extension of a belief in and respect for elders. 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