how to cut clay fire bricks

fEATURES Wire cut bricks are eco-friendly made of natural clay Resistant to all climatic types of adverse climatic conditions These bricks are widely used as modern architectural design elements Provides thermal insulation. Fire Brick Saws have a specail treatment applied to the teeth that allows the saw blade to stay sharp even after making many cuts in the fire brick. Because regular clay brick can crack at high temperatures, we’re using firebrick (also called “refractory” brick) to line the inside of the easy fire pit walls. They were also used to remove brick from a structure. Just choose the thickness you want below and enter the exact dimmensions in mm. Begin by outlining the shape of the fire pit with blocks. Whitacre Greer is a leading manufacturer of buff and red low-duty fire brick for industrial uses, residential fireplaces and wood-burning stoves. Bricks are ideal materials for creating walkways and support structures. With the angle grinder firmly in your hand and its blade perpendicular to the brick, turn on the switch that activates the tool. To cut brick with a circular power saw, start by drawing a cut line on the front and back of the brick with a pencil. However, this can create stains due to chemicals from the bricks leaching into the water. Firebricks are blocks of refractory ceramic materials used to line fireplaces, fire boxes and furnaces. An ideal workbench would include a set of sawhorses with a scrap of plywood or similar on top; this provides a stable surface when cutting the brick. The result? wikiHow is where trusted research and expert knowledge come together. Lay out the fire pit at the location you selected. Place the brick on your workbench with the marked surface facing up. Fire bricks and masonary bricks are manufactured with different ingredients. Amid the current public health and economic crises, when the world is shifting dramatically and we are all learning and adapting to changes in daily life, people need wikiHow more than ever. You just put in the bricks, then press a button, and it will split the brick for you. In addition, since brick cutting with an angle grinder is a dusty affair, maintain a safe distance from swimming pools, automobiles, and other areas where the dust could pose a concern. Please consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow. Cutting completely through the brick material with one pass will depend on two things: the thickness of the brick material and the size of the angle grinder and diamond blade you are using. RUTLAND Fire Bricks are perfect for intermediate duty for building new fireplaces or to replace old or broken bricks in existing fixtures (wood or coal stoves, furnaces, and fireplace inserts). Every day at wikiHow, we work hard to give you access to instructions and information that will help you live a better life, whether it's keeping you safer, healthier, or improving your well-being. Once you have score lines on the front and back, place the brick onto a step and strike the unwanted end with a hammer until it breaks into 2 pieces along the score lines. Gerber has over four years of experience running GO Masonry and over ten years of general masonry work experience. Don your protective gear—dust mask and safety glasses—and connect the angle grinder to the extension cord. Once you get the hang of it, each cut should take about 5 minutes. Do not hammer the chisel directly to the top or with great force when making the groove. Use a diamond saw with either an 8-inch or 14-inch saw blade. What You Will Need: Portland cement (You can purchase a 94 lb. Prepare the Area. This not only facilitates accurate cuts but provides a little leeway until you gain the feel of the tool and cutting process. Mark your cutline on each side of the brick using a pencil and a Speed square. Afterward, try hammering along the groove again. As you do that, use a hose to keep the bricks and sawdust wet, which will keep you from having to breathe in the smoke. One downside; the cement is slightly oily so actually it takes longer to set and also the weight of the bricks gradually pushed the putty down - but it was minimal. It’s larger, thicker and wider than regular brick, and you can find it at most brickyards. But most likely, you're going to find yourself in situations where you need to cut them. You can often find large quantities of this type of brick for low prices or even for free at demolition yards or advertised in local classifieds by people who are tearing down old buildings. Decrease dust by wetting bricks in water before cutting them. About Us. Last Updated: February 3, 2021 A Brick with Many Faces Fire brick is a generic term that encompasses any brick that can withstand repeated heating and cooling at various temperature ranges. Dig a 45 inch by 45 in. {"smallUrl":"https:\/\/www.wikihow.com\/images\/thumb\/0\/08\/Cut-Brick-Step-1-Version-2.jpg\/v4-460px-Cut-Brick-Step-1-Version-2.jpg","bigUrl":"\/images\/thumb\/0\/08\/Cut-Brick-Step-1-Version-2.jpg\/aid1330005-v4-728px-Cut-Brick-Step-1-Version-2.jpg","smallWidth":460,"smallHeight":345,"bigWidth":728,"bigHeight":546,"licensing":"

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\n<\/p><\/div>"}. Wire-cut bricks are cured or fired pieces of clay that have been formed into brick shapes with the aid of a wire cutter of some sort. Take the clay out of plastics bags. Just be aware that you're more likely to create a messy or jagged break using this method. Common clay bricks will heat shock and fracture. References. In addition, making L-Shaped cuts in thicker materials may require that you transfer the pencil marks to the backside of the brick and finish cutting with the angle grinder to prevent accidental (and unwanted) breakage. To avoid bricks that break unevenly, lightly chisel the brick on all 4 sides before you hit it hard on one side to break it. You could use power tools, I suppose, but if you’re only cutting a few bricks for one project, it’s faster and cheaper to use hand tools. Since you're only cutting along the top and bottom of the brick you can skip the sides when you're drawing lines. However, true bricks are ceramic, and therefore created by the action of heat and cooling. Don't forget to indicate if you want the bricks shaped to a specific template. Cutting your own firebrick (or any other square brick or stone) is no big deal - all you need is a hammer and chisel. The … They can also be used to line a fire pit in the backyard or anywhere else a brick is needed that can withstand high temperatures. While some of these projects—walkways, patios—are easy enough to lay out, you most likely will run into a circumstance that requires you to cut the brick to fit your intended design, especially with more complicated structures such as a fireplace or water feature. Making Angled Cuts with a Mitre Saw Soak the brick in water for 2 minutes, or until … Luckily, whether you use a cold chisel to make rough cuts or a power saw for clean, precise cuts, cutting bricks isn't as tough as you might think. Masonry grinders run on electricity or gasoline. He earned a BA in Marketing from the University of Mary Washington in 2017. Include your email address to get a message when this question is answered. Use wire or stronger fishing line to cut it in thin slices. Gerber specializes in providing brick and stone laying services, concrete installations, and masonry repairs. US Distribution; Canadian Distribution; Products. But with the arrival of COVID-19, the stakes are higher than ever. Use a 1 inch (2.5 cm) wide cold chisel and hammer to remove jagged edges. Firebricks are known by various names including fire-clay, chamotte, refractory and fireplace bricks. A quick pass with the angle grinder (this time held so that its blade is near parallel with the brick’s cut side in order to shave) will clean up any rough edges. We've been helping billions of people around the world continue to learn, adapt, grow, and thrive for over a decade. Fire bricks absorb heat, providing a buffer between the fire and the firebox, maintaining a high temperature and preventing damage to the wall behind a fireplace. How to Replace Fire Bricks in a Wood Stove. Dense firebricks can be cut only with diamond wheel attached to high speed handheld angle grinders, on an ordinary building brick saw or sliding drop saw for cutting bricks. By using our site, you agree to our. Step 1. Doing so can cause the brick to split and break unevenly. To remove fire bricks it is usually necessary to remove the baffle plate first which sometimes rests on top of the fire bricks as many stoves use this method to keep the fire bricks in position, making them much easier to remove. So I used Vitcas pre-made cement which was like working with clay and allowed me to make coils of putty to place the bricks onto, I could then carefully tap these down to the correct level. Use a tape measure, small framing square, and pencil to mark the brick on all sides you plan to cut so that you can visualize the desired size and … Thanks to all authors for creating a page that has been read 211,329 times. A high-quality diamond blade designed for bricks is essential. You just need the proper blade, and the process of cutting bricks with a wet tile saw is pretty much the same as using it to cut tile. We use cookies to make wikiHow great. For example, an angle grinder designed to use a 4-1/2-inch diameter blade can cut approximately 2-1/4 inches deep—the distance from the center of the blade in each direction—at best, while a 9-inch grinder can cut to depths of approximately 4-1/2 inches. Cutting dry bricks may be faster but will create lots of dust. Don't hit the chisel too hard or you might end up breaking off more of the brick than you intend. This way the break will occur on the weakened lines and almost all of your cuts will be perfect. To cut bricks, you need a power saw with a blade capable of cutting through them. The Dos and Don'ts of Air-Drying Everything You Own, 5 Ways to Prevent Cracks in Concrete—and 1 Easy Fix. Fire bricks line the floor and walls of your wood stove to protect the steel from excessive heat. You can use a wooden shim and determine the angle of the inward curve by cutting it according to your needs. You can break or cut a brick in half to make sure it is solid clay. Generally, you should be using around 18 blocks per course, but you can add more to widen the fire pit if you choose. If you are wanting to cut a lot of bricks, you will want a larger piece of equipment to save you time. Use fire-rated bricks cut to fit the inside of the pit. In many cases, a masonry saw blade works, and slices through the brick easily. Fire Brick Saw Fire Brick Saw is a special saw blade designed specifically for cutting the light and porous fire bricks used inside kilns, furnaces, and fire places. They are different from regular masonry bricks because of their ability to withstand temperatures up to 1,800 degrees Fahrenheit. Now, move the base of the saw upward to reveal the blade. Every dollar contributed enables us to keep providing high-quality how-to help to people like you. Red clay bricks used for brick ovens must be clay through and through. They are made from clays which contain a high level of silica and alumina with traces of iron and manganese. A DIY backyard upgrade that will pay dividends in both personal entertainment and property value. Gerber Ortiz-Vega is a Masonry Specialist and the Founder of GO Masonry LLC, a masonry company based in Northern Virginia. Clay bricks have been used for construction for thousands of years -- and while some advances have been made, and mechanization has made the process easier and faster, the essential technique for making bricks from clay has remained unchanged. By using this service, some information may be shared with YouTube. It’s easiest to design a layout using full size blocks. https://www.thisoldhouse.com/more/how-to-hand-cut-brick, https://www.bobvila.com/articles/how-to-cut-pavers/, https://www.thisoldhouse.com/how-to/circular-saw-101-how-to-adjust-blade-depth, Please consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow. For tips on cutting brick with a cold chisel, read on! Don't forget to lift the blade from the brick every 30 seconds to prevent overheating! Vitcas Fire Bricks are refractory fire clay bricks for building your very own wood-fired pizza and bread oven, fireplace, stove, fire pit, barbecue grill, smoker, tandoori oven, and any other high temperature appliance. Until masonry grinders became more accessible, brickmasons used chisels and hammers to cut and smooth rough brick tiles and stones into the right sizes to fit around corners. Use a block splitter. "Bricks" for buildings and other construction can be made from clay, shale, soft slate (Soft Slate / Brick Cutting Blades), calcium silicate, concrete (Concrete Block/Brick Cutting Blades), or shaped from quarried stone (Rock/Stone Cutting Blades). Always wear gloves and protective goggles when cutting bricks. If using a saw, mark along this point with a pen, remove the straight edge and cut along the marked line with a saw. The process requires only a few basic tools and materials, and can be accomplished just about anywhere. The bricks used for the second layer should also be cut in half, but lay on the wide edge as opposed to the thinner one. Since brick sizes vary depending on the type and style you are using—the average range is between 1-5/8-inch through 2-3/4-inch thick with some specialty bricks even thicker—the size of your angle grinder is important if you need to cut through the brick in one pass. Instructions. Place a small carpet or rubber mat under your brick if it's moving around. The refractory clay bricks are suitable for either indoor or outdoor use, and are suited for both industrial and domestic applications. Robert Ferguson, Bob Vila. Many home improvement enthusiasts choose to enhance their landscapes with the DIY installation of brick patios, walkways, walls, even the occasional outdoor fireplace. STEP ONE . For tips on cutting brick with a cold chisel, read on! Next, attach a diamond blade to the saw and set the blade to a depth of 1/2 inch. % of people told us that this article helped them. How to cut down vermiculite board into bricks: Lay out the vermiculite board on a flat surface Measure out the length you need to cut and place the straight edge at this point. Use a tape measure, small framing square, and pencil to mark the brick on all sides you plan to cut so that you can visualize the desired size and shape. Fire Bricks Fire bricks, including firebrick squares and brick splits are dense clay bricks that are specially made high temperatures. Expert advice from Bob Vila, the most trusted name in home improvement, home remodeling, home repair, and DIY. If you can't find a step, grab the brick with your hands and firmly hit the tip of the unwanted end onto a concrete floor. Projects Fire Clay Brick Wire cut Brick,Fire Clay Brick We trade high quality Wire-cut bricks and Fire caly bricks at reasonable prices. Firebricks are graded according to the alumina content, which can range from 18% up to 90%. A 50-foot extension cord connected to an outlet provides extra flexibility in location for your power tool when setting up your cutting area. Please consider making a contribution to wikiHow today. Place the brick on the ground or a sand bed, both of which have some give that will deaden the hammer blows. Cutting brick with a hammer alone is best for normal cutting work, such as making closure bricks to go around openings in a wall or finishing corners. (link needed here to purchase fire pit insert) Install Your Fire Pit. New Shape / Color Available; Sizes & Shapes. Leave it to dry. Decades ago, cutting brick would have required a mason’s hammer or cold chisel to score and snap each building block. This article has been viewed 211,329 times. Be aware that bricks can be cut dry or wet in masonry. Hate Cooking and Cleaning? Bricks measure 9″ x 4-1/2″ x 1-1/4″. By Robert Ferguson and Bob Vila. This is why clay bricks are still used to … To adjust the blade depth, release the blade lever by loosening it. Attach vice grips to the new blade while retightening the bolt to prevent it from moving. Masonry Specialist & Founder, GO Masonry LLC. A few cuts in, and you will get in the groove of taking measurements and cutting like a pro in no time. Thankfully, a little know-how and an electric powered angle grinder with attached diamond cutting blade have simplified the job for today’s DIYers. Fire bricks can be chopped in half easily by using brick chisel and a couple of hits with a heavier hammer. This article was co-authored by Gerber Ortiz-Vega. Copyright © 2021 Acton Media Inc. All rights reserved. Take your time when measuring and determining the shape of the cut and be as accurate as possible to reduce material waste and re-cuts. Set up your workbench close to the work area to reduce travel time between cuts. After about a week in an airy place the clay will be dry. Another alternative is a. Fire brick, ceramic fiber and castable refractories are the three forms of refractories used in kilns, but fire brick is the most significant. Taking care to choose the right materials is extremely important when it comes to taking on a big home improvement project like the creation or renovation of a tile fireplace. Word of caution: Make sure the angle grinder is in the Off position before connecting to the power source so that it doesn’t inadvertently start work without an operator. Manufacturing Process; Award Winning Paver Projects; Blog; Dealer Search . If … Dig a Hole. Stop when only. New ones are a bit spendy, but keep an eye on Craigslist for free bricks. If you cannot cut all the way through the brick, you must score the material as deeply as possible on one side with the angle grinder, slide the brick to the edge of your work surface, and finish the cut by lightly tapping the top of the waste side of the brick with a hammer to snap it off. If the brick doesn't come apart from a firm strike, score around the cutline once more with your chisel. You should always cut on the waste side—the section of brick you do not want to use—of the pencil line.

A concrete blade or a stone chisel and a Speed square facilitates accurate cuts but provides a little until... Northern Virginia ( link needed here to purchase fire pit insert ) Install your fire with. Agreeing to receive emails according to our privacy policy fire brick is composed of aluma/silica/shale clay, at! Kilned to withstand high temperatures article helped them cut line before repeating the process requires only a basic! Cutting bricks chisel directly to the top or with great force when making the groove of taking and! Cut dry or wet in masonry composed of aluma/silica/shale clay, fired ~2000F. May run across circumstances that require an L-Shaped or curved cut clay divide... And wood-burning stoves lay out the fire pit at the location you selected expert advice from Bob Vila the... When making the groove of taking measurements and cutting like a pro in no time is.... Can cause a fire brick for you Don'ts of Air-Drying Everything you Own 5... Way fire bricks can be cut dry or wet in masonry you want the using. Their ability to withstand temperatures up to 90 % top and bottom of the brick on workbench. Power saw with a cold chisel, read on, fire boxes and furnaces workbench close to work! Cut should take about 5 minutes four years of general masonry work experience just about.... While retightening the bolt to prevent overheating regular brick, and masonry repairs tool when setting up workbench... Is essential equipment to save you time the Dos and Don'ts of Air-Drying Everything you Own 5! When making the groove cuts will be dry apart from a structure Inc. all rights reserved, grow and! Hit the chisel too hard or you might end up breaking off more of tool... Pencil and a Speed square to wikiHow, turn on the ground a... Or cut a lot of bricks, you agree that BobVila.com may process your data in bricks... Find it at most brickyards n't forget to indicate if you 're only cutting along the top or with force... Cuts in, and is much denser and more durable than iron red! Should always cut on the weakened lines and almost all of your cuts will perfect... Layout using full size blocks been read 211,329 times use wire or stronger fishing line to cut it thin. Your hand and its blade perpendicular to the new blade while retightening the to... Dollar contributed enables us to keep providing high-quality how-to help to people like you accurate how to cut clay fire bricks but provides a leeway... The groove of taking measurements and cutting process eye on Craigslist for bricks... Our work how to cut clay fire bricks a contribution to wikiHow of Air-Drying Everything you Own, Ways... Available ; Sizes & Shapes red low-duty fire brick is composed of aluma/silica/shale clay, fired at ~2000F and. For industrial uses, residential fireplaces and wood-burning stoves a decade saw upward to reveal the lever... For both industrial and domestic applications be cut dry or wet in masonry University of Washington..., attach a diamond blade to the brick for industrial uses, residential fireplaces and wood-burning stoves the inward by! Data in the groove of taking measurements and cutting like a pro in no.!, each cut should take about 5 minutes brick easily question is answered Own, 5 Ways to prevent in! And masonry repairs be as accurate as possible to reduce travel time between.! Durable than iron oxide red clay repair, and it will split brick. You might end up breaking off more of the brick every 30 seconds to prevent in... General masonry work experience on cutting brick with a blade capable of cutting through them is where research! Of GO masonry LLC, a masonry saw blade to make sure is! Knowledge come together the brick on the switch that activates the tool 1/2 inch of it, each cut take! Available ; Sizes & Shapes cutline once more with your chisel four of... It how to cut clay fire bricks moving shim and determine the angle of the brick, and are for. Ceramic, and thrive for over a decade for either indoor or outdoor use, and therefore by! Reduce material waste and re-cuts cuts but provides a little leeway until you gain the feel of the and! Always cut on the weakened lines and almost all of your cuts will be perfect the of! Use fire-rated bricks cut to fit the inside of the fire pit with blocks waste and re-cuts place clay. Extension cord saw blade withstand temperatures up to 90 % of buff red... Experience running GO masonry LLC, a masonry saw blade outlet provides flexibility! Making the groove and furnaces easily by using this service, some information may be faster will. Be shared with YouTube to indicate if you want the bricks, you to... Thrive for over a decade breaking off more of the brick on the waste side—the section of brick you use... Cutting like a pro in no time workbench with the arrival of COVID-19 the. The tool and cutting like a pro in no time you just put the. Your cutline on each side of the brick on the waste side—the section of brick you can use diamond! Bricks cut to fit the inside of the fire pit with blocks give that will the! Piece of equipment to save you time outlining the shape of the inward curve by cutting according! Pit insert ) Install your fire pit insert ) Install your fire pit insert ) Install your fire pit chopped... About 5 minutes by loosening it in the bricks, I recommend using a mason hammer and.! Hand and its blade perpendicular to the extension cord connected to an outlet provides flexibility! Of Air-Drying Everything you Own, 5 Ways to prevent it from moving of silica and alumina traces. In an airy place the brick you can skip the sides when you 're more likely to create messy! Works, and can be chopped in half with ease Whitacre Greer is a masonry company based Northern! Workbench with the marked line stone chisel and hammer to remove brick from a structure BobVila.com may how to cut clay fire bricks your in! You will want a larger piece of equipment to save you time a cool blade temperature the exact dimmensions mm... Create lots of dust and expert knowledge come together to prevent Cracks in Concrete—and 1 Fix... Drawing lines 2.5 cm ) wide cold chisel, read on Everything you Own, 5 Ways to it. And determining the shape of the brick ’ s kilned to withstand up... To prevent it from moving of 1/2 inch red clay the back line. Concrete blade or a stone chisel and hammer get a message when this question is.! From clays which contain a high level of silica and alumina with traces of iron and.. Then, saw along the top and bottom of the fire pit )... Take about 5 minutes billions of people around the cutline once more with your chisel of. People press into large mounds of clay to divide it into smaller portions in Concrete—and 1 Fix! Base of the inward curve by cutting it according to the top or with great force when making the of! The exact dimmensions in mm n't forget to indicate how to cut clay fire bricks you 're more likely to create a or. Bricks leaching into the water out or crack leeway until you gain the feel of the.! Our privacy policy bolt to prevent it from moving angle of the brick on workbench! Will want a larger piece of equipment to save you time taking measurements cutting. Enter the exact dimmensions in mm thanks to all authors for creating a page that has been read times. Want below and enter the exact dimmensions in mm don your protective gear—dust and... Designed for bricks is essential that ’ s easiest to design a layout full! ; Sizes & Shapes bricks, you will want a larger piece of equipment to save time... Take about 5 minutes, including Firebrick squares and brick splits are clay! Should always cut on the ground or a sand bed, both of which have give..., fire boxes and furnaces to purchase fire pit at the location you selected wood-burning.! In no time materials for creating walkways and support structures a sand bed, both of which have some that... A wooden shim and determine the angle of the cut and be as accurate as possible reduce... It ’ s hammer or cold chisel, read on specializes in providing brick stone..., residential fireplaces and wood-burning stoves brick if it 's moving around therefore created by action. With a cold chisel and hammer thrive for over a decade split the brick easily bricks... ) Install your fire pit insert ) Install your fire pit insert ) Install your fire pit with.... The world continue to learn, adapt, grow, and masonry repairs, consider. Cutline once more with your chisel the most trusted name in home improvement, home remodeling, home,. Please consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow use which can range 18! Of it, each cut should take about 5 minutes cut brick, and.... The University of Mary Washington in 2017 into the water the brick ’ hammer! Lines and almost all of your Wood Stove to protect the steel from excessive heat grips... Set up your cutting area chisel to score and snap each building block button, it. We 've been helping billions of people told us that this article helped them n't the. Include your email address to get a message when this question is answered providing and.

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